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How to grow mushrooms?

Mushroom growing is a fascinating hobby and a rewarding activity. Mushrooms are rich in nutrients and offer many health benefits. However, if you don’t know how to grow mushrooms, it can be difficult to get started. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to grow mushrooms.

1. Decide on a mushroom type

Before you start growing mushrooms, you need to decide on a mushroom type. There are many different types of mushrooms. Some of the most commonly grown are button mushrooms, shiitake, and oyster mushrooms. Each type of mushroom has different requirements for its growing conditions, so you should thoroughly research what conditions each type of mushroom requires.

2. Prepare the substrate

Once you have decided on the type of mushroom, you need to prepare the right substrate. The substrate is the medium on which the mushrooms grow. It can be made from different materials such as wood chips, coffee grounds or straws. Each type of mushroom has different substrate requirements, so you should make sure that you use the right substrate for the type of mushroom you have chosen.

3. Inoculation of the substrate

After you have prepared the substrate, you need to inoculate it, that is, you need to introduce fungal spores or fungal cultures into the substrate. This can be done in several ways, such as inoculating, injecting, or soaking the substrate in a fungal solution. Different inoculation methods are required depending on the type of fungus.

4. Maintenance of growth conditions

Once the substrate is inoculated, you must place it in a suitable environment to promote fungal growth. The environment should have controlled temperature and humidity to provide optimal growing conditions for the fungi. Mushrooms grow best at temperatures between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius and humidity levels of 80-90%. It is important to monitor the temperature and humidity regularly to ensure that conditions remain optimal. If you want to find out more about the growth conditions of mushrooms read this article. 

5. Harvesting the mushrooms

Depending on the type of mushroom, mushrooms can mature within a few days to several weeks. Once the mushrooms have matured, they should be harvested by carefully removing them from the substrate surface. Be careful not to damage the mushrooms and do not leave any unwanted substances on the substrate.



In conclusion, mushroom cultivation is an easy way to grow fresh mushrooms at home. There are several methods of mushroom cultivation, such as cultivating mushroom spores on a substrate or using mushroom spawn. The most important thing in mushroom cultivation is a clean and sterile environment, as well as a constant temperature and humidity. With the right equipment such as containers, substrates, sterilization equipment, thermometers, humidity meters, and protective clothing, anyone can successfully grow mushrooms. By growing your own mushrooms, you can not only enjoy fresh and delicious mushrooms, but also save money and protect the environment. Try it and start your own mushroom farm at home!

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